Chemical recovery of γ -valerolactone/water-based biorefinery

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/konferenssijulkaisussa

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

Kuvaus

Biorefinery, employing biomass as renewable resource, emerges as basis for a sustainable bio-economy. Forest biomass consists of valuable biopolymers which can fulfill the needs for materials, chemicals, and energy. We recently introduced a novel organosolv fractionation process where wood is treated at elevated temperature in aqueous γ-valerolactone (GVL) solution for effective deconstruction into its principal components: cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, which can be further processed to products such as textile fibers, chemicals, fuels or energy. In order to assess the commercial feasibility of the process, we studied different methods for recovery of GVL and other extracted components in the spent liquor. We hereby present the two promising methods of 2-stage distillation at reduced pressure and near-critical CO2 extraction.
The spent liquor was produced from the uncatalyzed fractionation of Eucalyptus globulus wood chips in GVL aqueous solution under selected operational conditions. In distillation experiment, the spent liquor was initially diluted with water in order to partly precipitate the extracted lignin. The diluted liquid was subjected to distillation at reduced pressure to obtain an aqueous distillate containing the volatile compounds and an organic one rich in GVL. The residual liquid, rich in GVL and extracted components, was subjected to another dilution-lignin precipitation-distillation cycle. This method recovered ca. 91% GVL and 90% of the lignin in wood. Besides, inspired by previous pioneering research, we tested and confirmed that near-critical CO2 extraction enables an efficient separation of GVL from its aqueous solution.
Henceforth, we investigate the conversion of batch-wise distillation to continuous mode for improving the recovery rate, and simultaneously construct the extraction unit employing near-critical CO2 to separate GVL from the spent liquor.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
OtsikkoInternational Symposium on Wood, Fibre and Pulping Chemistry 2017 Proceedings
TilaJulkaistu - 30 elokuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiD3 Ammatillisen konferenssin julkaisusarja
TapahtumaInternational Symposium on Wood, Fibre and Pulping Chemistry - Arraial d'Ajuda Eco Resort, Porto Seguro, BA, Brazil, Porto Seguro, Brasilia
Kesto: 30 elokuuta 20171 syyskuuta 2017
Konferenssinumero: 19
http://iswfpc2017.com/

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Wood, Fibre and Pulping Chemistry
LyhennettäISWFPC 2017
MaaBrasilia
KaupunkiPorto Seguro
Ajanjakso30/08/201701/09/2017
www-osoite

ID: 16967812