Here, the carbonization of two Lyocell type regenerated cellulose fibres is reported. Commercially available Lyocell as well as the experimental Lyocell type fibre known as Ioncell-F spun from the ionic liquid 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene-1-ium acetate ([DBNH]OAc) is investigated, which supports higher draw ratio and thus improves precursor mechanical properties. Lyocell fibres are known to have improved mechanical properties over other regenerated cellulose fibres and are therefore considered to be better carbon fibre precursor candidates. The Lyocell fibres used in this study are carbonized utilizing a scaled down identical replica of an in use carbon fibre line. The importance of this is the ability to assess the performance of the Lyocell fibres under more realistic continuous carbonization processing conditions. The tensile properties, morphology, and chemical composition of all fibres are determined. It is shown that by changing the carbonization temperature and atmosphere fibres with different mechanical properties and diameter can be produced. Elemental analysis confirms that each fibre has a carbon content of ≥90%.
|Julkaisu||Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics|
|Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä||14 heinäkuuta 2016|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - marraskuuta 2016|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|