Carbohydrate composition of compost during composting and mycelium growth of Agaricus bisporus

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

  • Edita Jurak
  • Mirjam A. Kabel
  • Harry Gruppen

Organisaatiot

  • Wageningen University & Research

Kuvaus

Changes of plant cell wall carbohydrate structures occurring during the process to make suitable compost for growth of Agaricus bisporus are unknown. In this paper, composition and carbohydrate structures in compost samples collected during composting and mycelium growth were analyzed. Furthermore, different extracts of compost samples were prepared with water, 1 M and 4 M alkali and analyzed. At the beginning of composting, 34% and after 16 days of mycelium growth 27% of dry matter was carbohydrates. Carbohydrate composition analysis showed that mainly cellulose and poorly substituted xylan chains with similar amounts and ratios of xylan building blocks were present in all phases studied. Nevertheless, xylan solubility increased 20% over the period of mycelium growth indicating partial degradation of xylan backbone. Apparently, degradation of carbohydrates occurred over the process studied by both bacteria and fungi, mainly having an effect on xylan-chain length and solubility.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut281-288
Sivumäärä8
JulkaisuCarbohydrate Polymers
Vuosikerta101
Numero1
TilaJulkaistu - 2014
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

ID: 11746203