[Context and Motivation] Many recent studies highlight explainability as an important requirement that supports in building transparent, trustworthy, and responsible AI systems. As a result, there is an increasing number of solutions that researchers have developed to assist in the definition of explainability requirements. [Question] We conducted a literature study to analyze what kind of candidate solutions are proposed for defining the explainability requirements of AI systems. The focus of this literature review is especially on the field of requirements engineering (RE). [Results] The proposed solutions for defining explainability requirements such as approaches, frameworks, and models are comprehensive. They can be used not only for RE activities but also for testing and evaluating the explainability of AI systems. In addition to the comprehensive solutions, we identified 30 practices that support the development of explainable AI systems. The literature study also revealed that most of the proposed solutions have not been evaluated in real projects, and there is a need for empirical studies. [Contribution] For researchers, the study provides an overview of the candidate solutions and describes research gaps. For practitioners, the paper summarizes potential practices that can help them define and evaluate the explainability requirements of AI systems.
OtsikkoRequirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality
Alaotsikko30th International Working Conference, REFSQ 2024, Winterthur, Switzerland, April 8–11, 2024, Proceedings
ToimittajatDaniel Mendez, Daniel Mendez, Ana Moreira, Ana Moreira
ISBN (elektroninen)978-3-031-57327-9
ISBN (painettu)978-3-031-57326-2
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 8 huhtik. 2024
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisussa
TapahtumaInternational Working Conference on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality - Winterthur, Sveitsi
Kesto: 8 huhtik. 202411 huhtik. 2024
Konferenssinumero: 30


NimiLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (painettu)0302-9743
ISSN (elektroninen)1611-3349


ConferenceInternational Working Conference on Requirements Engineering


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