This study evaluated the termite susceptibility of Papua New Guinea (PNG) balsa (Ochroma pyramidale) against Australia's most economically important wood-destroying termite species, Coptotermes acinaciformis. Samples of envelope treated PNG balsa with the insecticide bifenthrin and non-treated balsa, radiata pine (Pinus radiata) sapwood and southern blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) heartwood were exposed to seven different colonies of C. acinaciformis at a field site in the Northern Territory, Australia. The results indicated that balsa is susceptible to termite attack, with a mean mass loss of 30.9% (range 3.8–99.9%). Mean mass losses for radiata pine and southern blue gum were 90.3 and 98.9% respectively. It was evident that balsa can be successfully protected from termite attack with envelope-treatments of bifenthrin, with the latter proving to be highly efficacious at mass/volume retentions much lower than those specified in AS 1604.1 and typically used in the Australian timber preservation industry.
Kotlarewski, N., Derikvand, M., Lee, M., Nolan, G., & Hague, J. (2019). Bifenthrin treatment for balsa: Susceptibility of Papua New Guinea-grown Ochroma pyramidale to attack by Coptotermes acinaciformis (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae) in an Australian context. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 137, 153-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2019.01.003