Autonomy, competence, relatedness, and beneficence: A multicultural comparison of the four pathways to meaningful work

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Autonomy, competence, relatedness, and beneficence : A multicultural comparison of the four pathways to meaningful work. / Martela, Frank; Riekki, Tapani J.J.

julkaisussa: Frontiers in Psychology, Vuosikerta 9, Nro JUN, 1157, 10.07.2018, s. 1-14.

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkelivertaisarvioitu

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@article{29f03a8da5c542ea9f1631dbb069068f,
title = "Autonomy, competence, relatedness, and beneficence: A multicultural comparison of the four pathways to meaningful work",
abstract = "Meaningful work is a key element of positive functioning of employees, but what makes work meaningful? Based on research on self-determination theory, basic psychological needs, and prosocial impact, we suggest that there are four psychological satisfactions that substantially influence work meaningfulness across cultures: autonomy (sense of volition), competence (sense of efficacy), relatedness (sense of caring relationships), and beneficence (sense of making a positive contribution). We test the relationships between these satisfactions and perceived meaningful work in Finland (n = 594, employees of several organizations), India (n = 342, collected through Mturk), and the United States (n = 373, collected through Mturk). Regression analyses show that - except for competence in United States - all four satisfactions are significantly and independently associated with meaningful work. Moreover, structural equation modeling shows that they fully mediated the relationship between occupational position and work meaningfulness in India and in the United States. In sum, the results support the importance of these four satisfactions in explaining the psychological underpinnings of meaningful work.",
keywords = "Autonomy, Basic psychological needs, Beneficence, Cross-cultural, Employee well-being, Meaningful work, Meaningfulness at work, Work motivation",
author = "Frank Martela and Riekki, {Tapani J.J.}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01157",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
number = "JUN",

}

RIS - Lataa

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autonomy, competence, relatedness, and beneficence

T2 - A multicultural comparison of the four pathways to meaningful work

AU - Martela, Frank

AU - Riekki, Tapani J.J.

PY - 2018/7/10

Y1 - 2018/7/10

N2 - Meaningful work is a key element of positive functioning of employees, but what makes work meaningful? Based on research on self-determination theory, basic psychological needs, and prosocial impact, we suggest that there are four psychological satisfactions that substantially influence work meaningfulness across cultures: autonomy (sense of volition), competence (sense of efficacy), relatedness (sense of caring relationships), and beneficence (sense of making a positive contribution). We test the relationships between these satisfactions and perceived meaningful work in Finland (n = 594, employees of several organizations), India (n = 342, collected through Mturk), and the United States (n = 373, collected through Mturk). Regression analyses show that - except for competence in United States - all four satisfactions are significantly and independently associated with meaningful work. Moreover, structural equation modeling shows that they fully mediated the relationship between occupational position and work meaningfulness in India and in the United States. In sum, the results support the importance of these four satisfactions in explaining the psychological underpinnings of meaningful work.

AB - Meaningful work is a key element of positive functioning of employees, but what makes work meaningful? Based on research on self-determination theory, basic psychological needs, and prosocial impact, we suggest that there are four psychological satisfactions that substantially influence work meaningfulness across cultures: autonomy (sense of volition), competence (sense of efficacy), relatedness (sense of caring relationships), and beneficence (sense of making a positive contribution). We test the relationships between these satisfactions and perceived meaningful work in Finland (n = 594, employees of several organizations), India (n = 342, collected through Mturk), and the United States (n = 373, collected through Mturk). Regression analyses show that - except for competence in United States - all four satisfactions are significantly and independently associated with meaningful work. Moreover, structural equation modeling shows that they fully mediated the relationship between occupational position and work meaningfulness in India and in the United States. In sum, the results support the importance of these four satisfactions in explaining the psychological underpinnings of meaningful work.

KW - Autonomy

KW - Basic psychological needs

KW - Beneficence

KW - Cross-cultural

KW - Employee well-being

KW - Meaningful work

KW - Meaningfulness at work

KW - Work motivation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049877124&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01157

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01157

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85049877124

VL - 9

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - JUN

M1 - 1157

ER -

ID: 27177210