Automated search of stimulation targets with closed-loop transcranial magnetic stimulation

Aino E. Tervo, Johanna Metsomaa, Jaakko O. Nieminen*, Jukka Sarvas, Risto J. Ilmoniemi

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

53 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) protocols often include a manual search of an optimal location and orientation of the coil or peak stimulating electric field to elicit motor responses in a target muscle. This target search is laborious, and the result is user-dependent. Here, we present a closed-loop search method that utilizes automatic electronic adjustment of the stimulation based on the previous responses. The electronic adjustment is achieved by multi-locus TMS, and the adaptive guiding of the stimulation is based on the principles of Bayesian optimization to minimize the number of stimuli (and time) needed in the search. We compared our target-search method with other methods, such as systematic sampling in a predefined cortical grid. Validation experiments on five healthy volunteers and further offline simulations showed that our adaptively guided search method needs only a relatively small number of stimuli to provide outcomes with good accuracy and precision. The automated method enables fast and user-independent optimization of stimulation parameters in research and clinical applications of TMS.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli117082
Sivumäärä10
JulkaisuNeuroImage
Vuosikerta220
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 15 lokakuuta 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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