Analysis of viscous fluid flow in a pressure-swirl atomizer using large-eddy simulation

Tutkimustuotos: Lehtiartikkeli

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • Aalborg University

Kuvaus

A computational fluid dynamics study is carried out on the inner nozzle flow and onset of liquid sheet instability in a large-scale pressure-swirl atomizer with asymmetric inflow configuration for high viscosity fluids. Large-eddy simulations (LES) of the two-phase flow indicate the unsteady flow character inside the nozzle and its influence on liquid sheet formation. A novel geometric volume-of-fluid (VOF) method by Roenby et al. (2016), termed isoAdvector, is applied for sharp interface capturing. We carry out a Reynolds number sweep (420 ≤ Re ≤ 5300) in order to investigate the link between the asymmetric inner nozzle flow and liquid sheet characteristics in laminar, transitional and fully turbulent conditions. Inside the nozzle, the numerical simulations reveal counter-rotating Dean vortices, flow impingement locations, and strong asymmetric flow features at all investigated Reynolds numbers. A helical, rotating gaseous core is observed when Re ≥ 1660. For laminar flow (Re=420), an S-shaped liquid film is observed, while the gas core presence at Re ≥ 1660 results in a hollow cone liquid sheet. For the intermediate value Re=830, the numerical simulations indicate a liquid sheet of mixed type. Consequences of the inflow asymmetry and Reynolds number to the uniformity of the injected liquid mass distribution and liquid sheet instability are pointed out.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut371-388
Sivumäärä18
JulkaisuINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPHASE FLOW
Vuosikerta113
Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä15 lokakuuta 2018
TilaJulkaistu - 1 huhtikuuta 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

ID: 30316213