Summer truffles (Tuber aestivum) collected from Italy were evaluated for changes in chemical composition and hence in vitro bioactivity on the basis of their maturity. Truffles were classified as immature and mature based on the colour of glebum. Water and methanol extracts of freeze-dried mature truffles demonstrated higher total phenolics, in vitro antioxidant activity, and lower tannins than immature truffle extracts. Phenolics and flavonoids were detected by liquid chromatography–mass spectroscopy (LC–MS) analysis. Gas chromatography (GC)–MS analysis of hexane extracts showed differences in fatty acid composition. Linoleic acid content was highest in both samples, and lauric and myristic acids were prominently detected in hexane extracts of mature truffles. The aroma profiling of truffles by headspace—GC showed an increase in alcohols and decrease in aldehydes. Thus this study comprehends altered chemical composition and its manifestation in in vitro bioactivity on maturation of summer truffles. This would aid in development of techniques for identification of maturity of truffles.
|Julkaisu||European Food Research and Technology|
|Varhainen verkossa julkaisun päivämäärä||27 tammikuuta 2020|
|DOI - pysyväislinkit|
|Tila||Julkaistu - 1 huhtikuuta 2020|
|OKM-julkaisutyyppi||A1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu|