An evaluation method for print mottle using wavelet denoising and image grey level intensity gradient

Guodong Liu*, Meiyun Zhang, Qian Wang, Yongchang Chen, Xiaolin Lin, Patrick Gane

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

    Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

    Abstrakti

    Print mottle is observed as an unevenness of printed tone across an image area. There are many causes of mottle on typical print media, i.e. printing and writing papers, packaging and board, as well as foils and polymer surfaces amongst others, in both applications of traditional printing techniques, such as offset and flexography as well as digital methods, including inkjet and electrophotography. Causes range from inhomo-geneous surface chemistry and absorption characteristics to instability factors on the printing press. Since the phenomenon is both physical and aesthetical, providing an evaluation for comparison purposes is challenging, frequently requiring panels of observers to provide a visual ranking. A new evaluation method is proposed using wavelet denoising and grey level gradient analysis of the print image. The index of print mottle is built on the bases of the average of grey level gradient and its distribution standard deviation. The method was tested for print mottle evaluation on paper in specific situations under different image basis functions and decomposition level. The results show that the method is in good agreement with visual assessment, and is also less time consuming both in the process and in statistical analysis, with correlation coefficient (r2) of at least 0.79 and as high as 0.88 with every function basis (level 2 or 3).

    AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
    Sivut280-285
    Sivumäärä6
    JulkaisuNordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal
    Vuosikerta29
    Numero2
    DOI - pysyväislinkit
    TilaJulkaistu - 2014
    OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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