Advanced low-temperature ceramic nanocomposite fuel cells using ultra high ionic conductivity electrolytes synthesized through freeze-dried method and solid-route

Imran Asghar*, Mikko Heikkilä, Peter D. Lund

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

17 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

Abstrakti

Low ionic conductivity and slow reaction kinetics often limit the performance of a ceramic nanocomposite fuel cell (CNFC). Here, we report a novel synthesis method, freeze-dried method, to achieve a record high ionic conductivity for nanocomposite electrolytes (>0.5 S/cm) based on Ce0.85Sm0.15O2 (SDC) and a eutectic mixture of Na2CO3, Li2CO3, K2CO3 (NLK). The highest ionic conductivity (0.55 S/cm) was reached by increasing the carbonate content of the electrolyte to 35 wt%. For the sake of comparison, the nanocomposite electrolytes were also prepared through solid-route. Composite anodes and cathodes for complete fuels were prepared from NiO and La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF), respectively using both solid-route and freeze-dried nanocomposite electrolytes. Complete fuel cells manufactured from these nanocomposite materials produced ∼1.1 W/cm2 at 550 °C. The EIS measurements revealed low ohmic losses (0.18 Ω cm2) and even lower charge transfer resistance (0.05 Ω cm2). In addition, it was found that the open-circuit-voltage (OCV) of the CNFCs improved from 1.1 V to 1.2 V when a mixture of air and CO2 was supplied as compared to the case when only air was supplied at the cathode. Finally, high temperature X-ray diffraction (HT-XRD) revealed stable structures of SDC, NiO and LSCF up to 600 °C, which shows the thermal stability of these fuel cell materials.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut338-346
Sivumäärä9
JulkaisuMaterials Today Energy
Vuosikerta5
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 syyskuuta 2017
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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