A Sharp Threshold Phenomenon for the Distributed Complexity of the Lovász Local Lemma

Tutkimustuotos: Artikkeli kirjassa/konferenssijulkaisussavertaisarvioitu

Tutkijat

Organisaatiot

  • Technion
  • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich - ETH Zürich
  • University of Freiburg

Kuvaus

The Lovász Local Lemma (LLL) says that, given a set of bad events that depend on the values of some random variables and where each event happens with probability at most p and depends on at most d other events, there is an assignment of the variables that avoids all bad events if the LLL criterion ep(d+1)<1 is satisfied. Nowadays, in the area of distributed graph algorithms it has also become a powerful framework for developing---mostly randomized---algorithms. A classic result by Moser and Tardos yields an O(log^2 n) algorithm for the distributed Lovász Local Lemma [JACM'10] if ep(d + 1) < 1 is satisfied. Given a stronger criterion, i.e., demanding a smaller error probability, it is conceivable that we can find better algorithms. Indeed, for example Chung, Pettie and Su [PODC'14] gave an O(log_epd^2 n) algorithm under the epd^2 < 1 criterion. Going further, Ghaffari, Harris and Kuhn introduced an 2^O(√log log n ) time algorithm given d^8 p = O(1) [FOCS'18]. On the negative side, Brandt et al.\ and Chang et al.\ showed that we cannot go below Ω(log log n) (randomized) [STOC'16] and Ω(log n) (deterministic) [FOCS'16], respectively, under the criterion pleq 2^-d . Furthermore, there is a lower bound of Ω(log^* n) that holds for any criterion. In this paper, we study the dependency of the distributed complexity of the LLL problem on the chosen LLL criterion. We show that for the fundamental case of each random variable of the considered LLL instance being associated with an edge of the input graph, that is, each random variable influences at most two events, a sharp threshold phenomenon occurs at p = 2^-d : we provide a simple deterministic (!) algorithm that matches the Ω(log^* n) lower bound in bounded degree graphs, if p < 2^-d , whereas for p \geq 2^-d , the Ωmega(log log n) randomized and the Ω(log n) deterministic lower bounds hold. In many applications variables affect more than two events; our main contribution is to extend our algorithm to the case where random variables influence at most three different bad events. We show that, surprisingly, the sharp threshold occurs at the exact same spot, providing evidence for our conjecture that this phenomenon always occurs at p = 2^-d , independent of the number r of events that are affected by a variable. Almost all steps of the proof framework we provide for the case r=3 extend directly to the case of arbitrary r; consequently, our approach serves as a step towards characterizing the complexity of the LLL under different exponential criteria.

Yksityiskohdat

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
OtsikkoPODC '19 - Proceedings of the 2019 ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing
TilaJulkaistu - 2019
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA4 Artikkeli konferenssijulkaisuussa
TapahtumaACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing - Toronto, Kanada
Kesto: 29 heinäkuuta 20192 elokuuta 2019
Konferenssinumero: 38

Conference

ConferenceACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing
LyhennettäPODC
MaaKanada
KaupunkiToronto
Ajanjakso29/07/201902/08/2019

ID: 38157969