A Platinum Nanowire Electrocatalyst on Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes to Drive Hydrogen Evolution

Taneli Rajala, Rasmus Kronberg, R Backhouse, Marthe Emelie Melandsø Buan, M Tripathi, A Zitolo, Hua Jiang, Kari Laasonen, Toma Susi, F Jaouen, Tanja Kallio

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

4 Sitaatiot (Scopus)
52 Lataukset (Pure)

Abstrakti

Pertinent existing hydrogen technologies for energy storage require unsustainable amounts of scarce platinum group metals. Here, an electrocatalyst comprising high-aspect-ratio platinum nanowires (PtNWs) on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with ultralow Pt content (340 ngPt cm−2) is employed for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). A comparable activity (10 mA cm−2 at −18 mV vs. RHE) to that of state-of-the-art Pt/C (38,000 ngPt cm−2) is reached in acidic aqueous electrolyte. This is attributed to favorable PtNW interaction with SWNTs and PtNW edge-sites which adsorb hydrogen optimally and aid at alleviating repulsive interactions. Moreover, the metallic nature of Pt, morphological effects and enhanced wetting contribute positively. The PtNW/SWNT relevance is emphasized at a proton-exchange-membrane electrolyzer generating stable voltage for more than 2000 h, successfully competing with the state-of-the-art reference but with one tenth of Pt mass loading. Overall, this work presents an unprecedently efficient HER catalyst and opens up avenues for PtNW/SWNT catalyzing other high-impact reactions.
AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Artikkeli118582
Sivumäärä12
JulkaisuApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Vuosikerta265
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 2020
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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  • Projektit

    CREATE: Critical Raw materials Elimination by a top-down Approach To hydrogen and Electricity generation

    Kallio, T., Rajala, T., Ali, F., Buan, M. E. M., Revitzer, H., Han, N., Davodi, F. & Sorsa, O.

    01/01/201731/12/2020

    Projekti: EU: Framework programmes funding

    Laitteet

    OtaNano

    Anna Rissanen (Manager)

    Aalto-yliopisto

    Laitteistot/tilat: Facility

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