A molecular dynamics study of the clustering of implanted potassium in multiwalled carbon nanotubes

J. Kotakoski*, A. V. Krasheninnikov, K. Nordlund

*Tämän työn vastaava kirjoittaja

Tutkimustuotos: LehtiartikkeliArticleScientificvertaisarvioitu

16 Sitaatiot (Scopus)

Abstrakti

We have studied the low energy irradiation of carbon nanotubes (CNT) with K ions using classical molecular dynamics simulations with analytical potentials. The studied CNTs had diameters of about 0.5-1.2 nm and single or multiple walls. The average penetration depth and probabilities to introduce an impurity atom into CNT were studied with simulations on irradiating the CNT with single K ion. The number of potassium clusters, their average sizes and the damage produced into the CNT due to the irradiation were studied using multiple K ion irradiations. We found that the K ions are mobile in CNTs right after the implantation event and that they cluster together. For CNTs with 1-3 coaxial tubes, the highest ratio of K atoms in clusters per total number of K ions was obtained by using an irradiation energy of about 100 eV. Also the least damage per K ion was found to be produced into the CNT with this energy when those energies high enough for the ion to penetrate the outermost wall of the CNT were considered.

AlkuperäiskieliEnglanti
Sivut810-818
Sivumäärä9
JulkaisuNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Vuosikerta240
Numero4
DOI - pysyväislinkit
TilaJulkaistu - 1 joulukuuta 2005
OKM-julkaisutyyppiA1 Julkaistu artikkeli, soviteltu

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