Karar Mahmoud received the B.S. and M.Sc. degrees in electrical engineering from Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt, in 2008 and 2012, respectively. In 2016, he received the Ph.D. degree from the Electric Power and Energy System Laboratory (EPESL), Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan. His research interests include Power Systems, Optimization Techniques, Renewable Energy, and Distributed Generation.