Zinc vacancy and oxygen interstitial in ZnO revealed by sequential annealing and electron irradiation

K.E. Knutsen, A. Galeckas, A. Zubiaga, F. Tuomisto, G.C. Farlow, B.G. Svensson, A.Yu. Kuznetsov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

By combining results from positron annihilation and photoluminescence spectroscopy with data from Hall effect measurements, the characteristic deep level emission centered at ∼1.75 eV and exhibiting an activation energy of thermal quenching of 11.5 meV is associated with the zinc vacancy. Further, a strong indication that oxygen interstitials act as a dominating acceptor is derived from the analysis of charge carrier losses induced by electron irradiation with variable energy below and above the threshold for Zn-atom displacement. We also demonstrate that the commonly observed green emission is related to an extrinsic acceptorlike impurity, which may be readily passivated by oxygen vacancies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121203
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume86
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • photoluminescence
  • positron
  • vacancies
  • ZnO

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