Wind effects on flame projection probability from a compartment with opposing openings

Man Li, Zihe Gao, Jie Ji*, Kaiyuan Li, Jinhua Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates flame projection probability from a compartment with opposing openings under assisting wind environment. The effect of external wind on the flow conditions at the door, hot gas velocity at the window and flame projection probability was investigated. Results showed that when the external wind is absent or at low wind velocities, bidirectional flow can be seen at the door. With the increment of the wind velocity, the bidirectional flow will become unidirectional at low fuel supply rate. At high wind velocities, the unidirectional flow can be seen at the door regardless of the fuel supply rate. Correlations for hot gas velocity at the window are formulated based on the mass conservation of the flow in the compartment. The calculated results have a good agreement with the experimental data. Due to fluctuations of the gases ejected from the window, flames eject from the compartment intermittently. The intermittent characteristic of flame ejecting from the compartment is influenced by the temperature and velocity of the hot gas velocity at the window. The model to predict flame projection probability is modified based on previous study without external wind.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-421
Number of pages8
JournalFire Safety Journal
Volume91
Early online dateMay 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Bidirectional flow
  • External wind
  • Flame projection probability
  • Hot gas velocity
  • Unidirectional flow

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