Why do we tag photographs on Facebook? Proposing a new gratifications scale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • University of Helsinki
  • University of Texas at Austin
  • National Taiwan University of Science and Technology


Using a multi-stage investigation, this study developed and validated a 35-item instrument for measuring gratifications of photo-tagging on Facebook. The questions were developed based on open-ended responses of 141 people who use photo-tags on Facebook. From their answers, 58 items were extracted and then tested on 780 people. This resulted in a 35-item scale that was re-examined with 313 adolescents and 186 adult photo-taggers. The 35-item instrument offers nine gratifications: likes and comments, social influence, peer pressure, gains popularity, entertainment, feels good, social sharing, affection, and convenience. The factorial structure and instrument validity and reliability were high and fairly stable over time. The findings are discussed in relation to the uses and gratifications theory, and the practical implications of this new instrument are explored.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-521
Number of pages20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Adolescents, Facebook, photo-tagging, social media, uses and gratifications theory

ID: 13532864