Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Standard

Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas. / Kihlman, Johanna; Kaisalo, Noora; Koskinen-Soivi, Mari Leena; Simell, Pekka; Niemelä, Marita; Lehtonen, Juha.

In: Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 564, 25.08.2018, p. 133-141.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Kihlman, Johanna ; Kaisalo, Noora ; Koskinen-Soivi, Mari Leena ; Simell, Pekka ; Niemelä, Marita ; Lehtonen, Juha. / Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas. In: Applied Catalysis A: General. 2018 ; Vol. 564. pp. 133-141.

Bibtex - Download

@article{50bd0cd67b414ed8ad7c090e7817229e,
title = "Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas",
abstract = "Whisker carbon formation in the steam reforming of biomass gasification gas was studied in a laboratory scale reactor using two commercial nickel catalysts, precious metal catalyst and inert materials. The synthetic feed gas contained ethylene, tar model compounds and H2S as impurities. Whisker carbon was formed below the reaction temperature of 700 °C on an calcium-doped nickel catalyst and below 850 °C on an undoped nickel catalyst when the feed gas contained no sulfur. With the addition of more than 50 ppmv of H2S in the feed gas, the whisker carbon formation was inhibited. Thermodynamic calculations were carried out to estimate the upper limit temperature for the whisker carbon formation but the calculations did not correlate well with the experimental results. One of the probable explanations for this was the high concentration of unsaturated C2+ hydrocarbons in the feed gas.",
keywords = "Biomass gasification, Nickel catalyst, Steam reforming, Sulfur, Tar, Whisker carbon",
author = "Johanna Kihlman and Noora Kaisalo and Koskinen-Soivi, {Mari Leena} and Pekka Simell and Marita Niemel{\"a} and Juha Lehtonen",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/j.apcata.2018.07.011",
language = "English",
volume = "564",
pages = "133--141",
journal = "APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL",
issn = "0926-860X",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Whisker carbon formation in catalytic steam reforming of biomass gasification gas

AU - Kihlman, Johanna

AU - Kaisalo, Noora

AU - Koskinen-Soivi, Mari Leena

AU - Simell, Pekka

AU - Niemelä, Marita

AU - Lehtonen, Juha

PY - 2018/8/25

Y1 - 2018/8/25

N2 - Whisker carbon formation in the steam reforming of biomass gasification gas was studied in a laboratory scale reactor using two commercial nickel catalysts, precious metal catalyst and inert materials. The synthetic feed gas contained ethylene, tar model compounds and H2S as impurities. Whisker carbon was formed below the reaction temperature of 700 °C on an calcium-doped nickel catalyst and below 850 °C on an undoped nickel catalyst when the feed gas contained no sulfur. With the addition of more than 50 ppmv of H2S in the feed gas, the whisker carbon formation was inhibited. Thermodynamic calculations were carried out to estimate the upper limit temperature for the whisker carbon formation but the calculations did not correlate well with the experimental results. One of the probable explanations for this was the high concentration of unsaturated C2+ hydrocarbons in the feed gas.

AB - Whisker carbon formation in the steam reforming of biomass gasification gas was studied in a laboratory scale reactor using two commercial nickel catalysts, precious metal catalyst and inert materials. The synthetic feed gas contained ethylene, tar model compounds and H2S as impurities. Whisker carbon was formed below the reaction temperature of 700 °C on an calcium-doped nickel catalyst and below 850 °C on an undoped nickel catalyst when the feed gas contained no sulfur. With the addition of more than 50 ppmv of H2S in the feed gas, the whisker carbon formation was inhibited. Thermodynamic calculations were carried out to estimate the upper limit temperature for the whisker carbon formation but the calculations did not correlate well with the experimental results. One of the probable explanations for this was the high concentration of unsaturated C2+ hydrocarbons in the feed gas.

KW - Biomass gasification

KW - Nickel catalyst

KW - Steam reforming

KW - Sulfur

KW - Tar

KW - Whisker carbon

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050290578&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apcata.2018.07.011

DO - 10.1016/j.apcata.2018.07.011

M3 - Article

VL - 564

SP - 133

EP - 141

JO - APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL

JF - APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL

SN - 0926-860X

ER -

ID: 26961295