Waveforms of molecular oscillations reveal circadian timekeeping mechanisms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Researchers

  • Hang-Hyun Jo

  • Yeon Jeong Kim
  • Jae Kyoung Kim
  • Mathias Foo
  • David E. Somers
  • Pan-Jun Kim

Research units

  • Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics
  • Pohang University of Science and Technology
  • Ohio State University
  • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
  • Coventry University
  • Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics

Abstract

Circadian clocks play a pivotal role in orchestrating numerous physiological and developmental events. Waveform shapes of the oscillations of protein abundances can be informative about the underlying biochemical processes of circadian clocks. We derive a mathematical framework where waveforms do reveal hidden biochemical mechanisms of circadian timekeeping. We find that the cost of synthesizing proteins with particular waveforms can be substantially reduced by rhythmic protein half-lives over time, as supported by previous plant and mammalian data, as well as our own seedling experiment. We also find that previously enigmatic, cyclic expression of positive arm components within the mammalian and insect clocks allows both a broad range of peak time differences between protein waveforms and the symmetries of the waveforms about the peak times. Such various peak-time differences may facilitate tissue-specific or developmental stage-specific multicellular processes. Our waveform-guided approach can be extended to various biological oscillators, including cell-cycle and synthetic genetic oscillators.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number207
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalCommunications Biology
Volume1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • GENE-EXPRESSION, TARGETED DEGRADATION, CLOCK, RHYTHMS, PHOSPHORYLATION, QUANTIFICATION, TRANSCRIPTION, NEUROSPORA, LESSONS, MODELS

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