Wave Scatterer Localization in Outdoor-to-Indoor Channels at 4 and 14 GHz

Pasi Koivumaki*, Aki Karttunen, Katsuyuki Haneda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper, we present the results of wave scatterer localization at 4.65 and 14.25 GHz in an outdoor-to-indoor scenario at a traditional office building in Finland. The localization is based on a single-bounce model of interaction with a scatterer to localize the sources of measured multipath components. The estimated scatterer locations were mapped to an aerial photograph of the site and classified according to their location. We found that approximately two thirds of paths originate from higher order interactions with the environment. In contrast, one third of paths can be attributed to single-bounce interactions, with interior walls of the building being twice as strong sources of single-bounces as walls outside both in terms of power and number of paths.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 16th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2022
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-31299-04-6
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-1604-7
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventEuropean Conference on Antennas and Propagation - Madrid, Spain
Duration: 27 Mar 20221 Apr 2022
Conference number: 16

Publication series

NameProceedings of the European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
ISSN (Print)2164-3342


ConferenceEuropean Conference on Antennas and Propagation
Abbreviated titleEuCAP
Internet address


  • localization
  • outdoor-to-indoor (O2I)
  • Radio propagation
  • scattering


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