Waterproof breathable layers – A review

Ali Reza Tehrani-Bagha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Waterproof breathable layers (WPBLs) can be classified into two large groups of hydrophilic nonporous and hydrophobic porous layers. These layers (e.g., fabrics, films, membranes, and meshes) can be produced by various continuous and non-continuous processes such as coating, laminating, film stretching, casting, etc. The most common methods for production, characterization, and testing of WPBLs are presented and discussed in light of recent publications. The materials with high level of waterproofness and breathability are often used in outerwear for winter sports, sailing apparel, raincoats, military/police jackets, backpacks, tents, cargo raps, footwear and etc. WPBLs can also be used for other specialized applications such as membrane distillation, oil-water filtration, and wound dressing. These applications are discussed by presenting several good examples. The main challenge in the production of these layers is to compromise between waterproofness and breathability with opposing nature. The related research gaps, challenges, and future outlook are highlighted to shed more light on the topic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-135
Number of pages22
JournalAdvances in Colloid and Interface Science
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Application
  • Breathable layer
  • Characterization
  • Filter
  • Membrane
  • Waterproof


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