Water stress in global transboundary river basins: significance of upstream water use on downstream stress

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Water stress in global transboundary river basins : significance of upstream water use on downstream stress. / Munia, H.; Guillaume, J. H. A.; Mirumachi, N.; Porkka, M.; Wada, Y.; Kummu, M.

In: Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, No. 1, 014002, 01.2016.

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@article{e70d46bf3e574a7c9ed32c01441b8e7b,
title = "Water stress in global transboundary river basins: significance of upstream water use on downstream stress",
abstract = "Growing population and water demand have increased pressure on water resources in various parts of the globe, including many transboundary river basins. While the impacts of upstream water use on downstream water availability have been analysed in many of these international river basins, this has not been systematically done at the global scale using coherent and comparable datasets. In this study, we aim to assess the change in downstream water stress due to upstream water use in the world's transboundary river basins. Water stress was first calculated considering only local water use of each sub-basin based on country-basin mesh, then compared with the situation when upstream water use was subtracted from downstream water availability. We found that water stress was generally already high when considering only local water use, affecting 0.95-1.44 billion people or 33{\%}-51{\%} of the population in transboundary river basins. After accounting for upstream water use, stress level increased by at least 1 percentage-point for 30-65 sub-basins, affecting 0.29-1.13 billion people. Altogether 288 out of 298 middle-stream and downstream sub-basin areas experienced some change in stress level. Further, we assessed whether there is a link between increased water stress due to upstream water use and the number of conflictive and cooperative events in the transboundary river basins, as captured by two prominent databases. No direct relationship was found. This supports the argument that conflicts and cooperation events originate from a combination of different drivers, among which upstream-induced water stress may play a role. Our findings contribute to better understanding of upstream-downstream dynamics in water stress to help address water allocation problems.",
keywords = "transboundary river basins, upstream water use, water stress, upstream-downstream relations, sub-basin, conflict, cooperation, ENVIRONMENTAL FLOW REQUIREMENTS, CLIMATE-CHANGE, SPATIALLY EXPLICIT, CONFLICT, COOPERATION, DEMAND, VARIABILITY, WITHDRAWALS, RESOURCES, SCARCITY",
author = "H. Munia and Guillaume, {J. H. A.} and N. Mirumachi and M. Porkka and Y. Wada and M. Kummu",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1088/1748-9326/11/1/014002",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Environmental Research Letters",
issn = "1748-9326",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "1",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Water stress in global transboundary river basins

T2 - significance of upstream water use on downstream stress

AU - Munia, H.

AU - Guillaume, J. H. A.

AU - Mirumachi, N.

AU - Porkka, M.

AU - Wada, Y.

AU - Kummu, M.

PY - 2016/1

Y1 - 2016/1

N2 - Growing population and water demand have increased pressure on water resources in various parts of the globe, including many transboundary river basins. While the impacts of upstream water use on downstream water availability have been analysed in many of these international river basins, this has not been systematically done at the global scale using coherent and comparable datasets. In this study, we aim to assess the change in downstream water stress due to upstream water use in the world's transboundary river basins. Water stress was first calculated considering only local water use of each sub-basin based on country-basin mesh, then compared with the situation when upstream water use was subtracted from downstream water availability. We found that water stress was generally already high when considering only local water use, affecting 0.95-1.44 billion people or 33%-51% of the population in transboundary river basins. After accounting for upstream water use, stress level increased by at least 1 percentage-point for 30-65 sub-basins, affecting 0.29-1.13 billion people. Altogether 288 out of 298 middle-stream and downstream sub-basin areas experienced some change in stress level. Further, we assessed whether there is a link between increased water stress due to upstream water use and the number of conflictive and cooperative events in the transboundary river basins, as captured by two prominent databases. No direct relationship was found. This supports the argument that conflicts and cooperation events originate from a combination of different drivers, among which upstream-induced water stress may play a role. Our findings contribute to better understanding of upstream-downstream dynamics in water stress to help address water allocation problems.

AB - Growing population and water demand have increased pressure on water resources in various parts of the globe, including many transboundary river basins. While the impacts of upstream water use on downstream water availability have been analysed in many of these international river basins, this has not been systematically done at the global scale using coherent and comparable datasets. In this study, we aim to assess the change in downstream water stress due to upstream water use in the world's transboundary river basins. Water stress was first calculated considering only local water use of each sub-basin based on country-basin mesh, then compared with the situation when upstream water use was subtracted from downstream water availability. We found that water stress was generally already high when considering only local water use, affecting 0.95-1.44 billion people or 33%-51% of the population in transboundary river basins. After accounting for upstream water use, stress level increased by at least 1 percentage-point for 30-65 sub-basins, affecting 0.29-1.13 billion people. Altogether 288 out of 298 middle-stream and downstream sub-basin areas experienced some change in stress level. Further, we assessed whether there is a link between increased water stress due to upstream water use and the number of conflictive and cooperative events in the transboundary river basins, as captured by two prominent databases. No direct relationship was found. This supports the argument that conflicts and cooperation events originate from a combination of different drivers, among which upstream-induced water stress may play a role. Our findings contribute to better understanding of upstream-downstream dynamics in water stress to help address water allocation problems.

KW - transboundary river basins

KW - upstream water use

KW - water stress

KW - upstream-downstream relations

KW - sub-basin

KW - conflict

KW - cooperation

KW - ENVIRONMENTAL FLOW REQUIREMENTS

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - SPATIALLY EXPLICIT

KW - CONFLICT

KW - COOPERATION

KW - DEMAND

KW - VARIABILITY

KW - WITHDRAWALS

KW - RESOURCES

KW - SCARCITY

U2 - 10.1088/1748-9326/11/1/014002

DO - 10.1088/1748-9326/11/1/014002

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Environmental Research Letters

JF - Environmental Research Letters

SN - 1748-9326

IS - 1

M1 - 014002

ER -

ID: 1516188