Waste heat recovery mechanism for coal-fired flue gas in a counter-flow direct contact scrubber

Haichao Wang*, Xiaozhou Wu, Zheyi Liu, Katja Granlund, Risto Lahdelma, Ji Li, Esa Teppo, Li Yu, Lin Duamu, Xiangli Li, Ilkka Haavisto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Scrubbers are more and more used to recover waste heat from coal-fired exhaust flue gas (EFG). But the heat and mass transfer mechanism in the counter flow direct contact scrubber is not clear enough, and the heat recovery rate (E) needs to be improved cost effectively. This paper proposes to use a simulation model to study the heat and mass transfer mechanism and thus to improve the scrubber design without intensive experiments. A mathematical model based on the two-film theory was established, and the finite difference method was used to solve it. The model was validated using experimental data and heat recovery equation is obtained with relation to the main influencing factors. The results show that the most sensitive factors on E are the liquid-to-gas ratio r(wf) and the equivalent diameter of water droplets r(d). In addition, height to diameter ratio (H/D) is more important than flue gas velocity. E can be increased by 25% and 36% when r(wf) increases from 4 to 6 and r(d) decreases from 0.002 m to 0.0015 m, respectively. Intensive simulations help determine the scope of the influencing factors to improve scrubber design. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121531
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Direct contact
  • Exhaust flue gas (EFG)
  • Heat recovery rate
  • Scrubber
  • Waste heat recovery


Dive into the research topics of 'Waste heat recovery mechanism for coal-fired flue gas in a counter-flow direct contact scrubber'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this