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In shouting, speakers use increased vocal effort to convey spoken messages over distance or above environmental noise. For automatic speaker recognition systems trained using normal speech, shouting causes a severe vocal effort mismatch between the enrollment and test hence reducing the recognition performance. In this study, two compensation methods are proposed to tackle the mismatch in a shouted versus normal speaker recognition task. These techniques are applied in the feature extraction stage of a speaker recognition system to modify the spectral envelopes of shouts to be closer to those in normal speech. The techniques modify the all-pole power spectrum of the MFCC computation chain with shouted-to-normal compensation filtering that is obtained using a GMM-based statistical mapping. In an evaluation using the state-of-the-art i-vector based recognition system, the proposed techniques provided considerable improvements in identification rates compared to the case when shouted speech spectra were not processed.
- Shouted speech
- Speaker recognition
- Vocal effort mismatch
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- 2 Finished
01/01/2018 → 31/12/2019
Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding