Visible light communication-based positioning for indoor environments using supervised learning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


This paper studies a novel way to estimate the position of an object in an indoor environment, using the Channel State Information (CSI) that a Visible Light Communication (VLC) system collects to maintain the link-level connectivity. First, supervised learning is applied to characterize, the effect that an object in variable but known positions has on the received optical wireless signal. Second, the trained classifier is used to estimate the new unknown positions that the object may take, making use of the instantaneous CSI that is used to equalize the data-carrying signal samples in reception. The practical validation of the proposed positioning approach was done with the aid of a software-defined VLC link based on OFDM, in which a copy of the intensity modulated signal coming from a Phosphor-converted LED is captured by Photodetectors (PDs) in different room locations. Then, the CSI of the VLC receiver is used to train a Random Forest classifier, which will predict the position of the object during the assessment phase. The performance evaluation of our experimental setting shows that the proposed VLC-based positioning approach can reach a few centimeter accuracy, provided that a proper training is executed, without the necessity of deploying a large number of PDs in the room, or adding a VLC receiver on the object to be tracked.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Proceedings
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728182988
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE Global Communications Conference - Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
Duration: 7 Dec 202011 Dec 2020

Publication series

NameIEEE Global Communications Conference
ISSN (Print)2334-0983
ISSN (Electronic)2576-6813


ConferenceIEEE Global Communications Conference
Abbreviated titleGLOBECOM
CountryTaiwan, Republic of China


  • Indoor positioning
  • Optical OFDM
  • Random Forest
  • Software-defined VLC
  • Supervised Learning

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