In the hierarchy of structural sophistication for lattice polytopes, normal polytopes mark a point of origin; very ample and Koszul polytopes occupy bottom and top spots in this hierarchy, respectively. In this paper we explore a simple construction for lattice polytopes with a twofold aim. On the one hand, we derive an explicit series of very ample 3-dimensional polytopes with arbitrarily large deviation from the normality property, measured via the highest discrepancy degree between the corresponding Hilbert functions and Hilbert polynomials. On the other hand, we describe a large class of Koszul polytopes of arbitrary dimensions, containing many smooth polytopes and extending the previously known class of Nakajima polytopes.
- Normal polytope
- Very ample polytope
- Koszul polytope
- Regular unimodular triangulation