Various polymeric monomers derived from renewable rosin for the modification of fast-growing poplar wood

Youming Dong, Wei Zhang, Mar K. Hughes, Miao Wu, Shifeng Zhang*, Jianzhang Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


The incorporation of polymers derived from renewable resources is more desirable in the preparation of wood composites due to its sustainability. As biomass feedstock, rosin has been used for the preparation of wood-based composite material. However, the high leachability and non-reactive with wood limit its application. Three kinds of rosin derivatives synthesized with reactive groups in the current study were confirmed by 13C NMR and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The polymerization process and polymer properties of the derivatives were studied by the differential scanning calorimetry and gel permeation chromatography. The poplar wood was impregnated by rosin derivatives solution and then oven heated to induce in situ polymerization. The results indicated that the derivatives could penetrate into wood structures, polymerize in both wood cell walls and lumina, and efficiently improve the physical properties and surface hardness of wood. Moreover, the extraction indicated that rosin derivatives could permanently bulk wood structure through the formation of polymers. Our studies provide a new approach to modify fast-growing wood using renewable resources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106902
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 17 May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Electron microscopy
  • Physical properties
  • Resins
  • Wood


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