Valorization of sugarcane straw to produce highly conductive bacterial cellulose / graphene nanocomposite films through in situ fermentation: Kinetic analysis and property evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Kyoto University
  • Universidade Federal de São Carlos


Bacterial cellulose based nanocomposites have found a growing interest in recent decades due to their impressive inherent characteristics with potential applications in diverse sectors. However, there remain several challenges due to increased production cost, lower yield, and sustainability or biocompatibility issues after chemical-based modifications. This study demonstrates the fabrication of bacterial cellulose-reduced graphene oxide films via in-situ fermentation approach using abundantly available agricultural waste (sugarcane straw) as a feedstock. The presence of reduced graphene oxide at different concentrations in culture media, significantly altered the fermentation kinetics, as evident from kinetic parameter and yield coefficients. Higher yields of bacterial cellulose-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites, with presence of strongly integrated network-like structures between bacterial cellulose nanofibers and reduced graphene oxide nanosheets were observed at 2 wt % reduced graphene oxide loadings. Formation of such percolated networks was confirmed from improved mechanical properties and enhanced electrical conductivity, through both experimental and modeling investigations. The proposed in-situ fermentation technique to produce highly conductive bacterial cellulose-reduced graphene oxide films provides an alternative approach to meet the growing demands of biomass-derived renewable and sustainable biomaterials with commercial significance.


Original languageEnglish
Article number117859
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Early online date1 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Bacterial cellulose, Electrical conductivity, Fermentation kinetics, In situ fermentation, Structural properties

ID: 36099689