A mixed-valence state, formally denoted as Fe2.5+, is observed in the 300 K Mössbauer spectra of the most reduced samples of SmBaFe2O5+w. Upon cooling below the Verwey-type transition temperature (TV≈200K), the component assigned to Fe2.5+ separates into a high-spin Fe3+ state and an Fe2+ state with an unusually low internal field. The separation of the mixed-valence state at TV is also confirmed by magnetic susceptibility measurements and differential scanning calorimetry. A model is proposed which accounts for the variation of the amount of the mixed-valence state with the oxygen content parameter w.
- oxygen content