Using non-local Timoshenko beam theories for prediction of micro- and macro-structural responses

Jani Romanoff*, J. N. Reddy, Jasmin Jelovica

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the developments of the non-local sandwich beam theories that can be used to assess the micro- and macro-structural responses. The paper utilizes homogenization–localization, modified couple stress, and thick-faces beam theories. The homogenization derives prevailing differential equations from displacements through strains and stresses to external loading. This enables accurate localization process that recovers the microstructural effects from the homogenized solution and couples them to the global response. Some case studies are supported by computational experiments: the shortest beams have only four unit cell along their length. The present solution converges to the physically correct solution in the cases of infinite and zero shear stiffness. The limit of zero shear stiffness is important because there the traditional Timoshenko beam theory fails to predict the response correctly. Some difference in the solutions is observed on very short beams at intermediate rotation stiffness between the faces and the core, where the wavelengths of the global and local responses heavily interact. Present theory can be extended to different microstructures and to plates. The benefit of the present approach is that it is analytical which enables identification of the physical parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-420
Number of pages11
JournalComposite Structures
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Couple stress
  • Homogenization
  • Stress analysis
  • Timoshenko beam

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