User level performance analysis of multi-hop in-band backhaul for 5G

Árpád Drozdy*, Jouko Kapanen, Jukka Manner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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In recent years, mobile access networks operating at millimeter wavelengths have received a great deal of attention, as they promise previously unattainably high mobile data rates. At these frequencies, mobile access links are expected to use highly directional beamforming antennas, which are also well suited to backhaul links. Therefore, access points can efficiently act as self-backhauled relays by using the same spectrum, circuits and antennas for mobile access and backhaul links, thus forming a multi-hop in-band backhaul network. The contributions of our paper are extensive simulations to investigate user level performance in such multi-hop networks. We specifically take into account the momentary data traffic of every link in order to calculate the interference. Results quantify the detrimental effect of interference on user level performance. Furthermore, the potential benefit of using the combination of in-band and dedicated backhaul links is evaluated. Additionally, this paper investigates the user level effects of the sudden loss of a link in the backhaul mesh network, and underlines the importance of effective rerouting algorithms. The feasibility of the in-band concept is demonstrated, and we can confirm that the user level experience will surpass the performance provided by previous generation mobile networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2927–2941
Number of pages15
JournalWireless Networks
Issue number8
Early online date25 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 5G
  • Backhaul
  • In-band
  • Millimeter wave communication
  • Multi-hop


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