User effect on antenna cluster based MIMO antenna

Rasmus Luomaniemi*, Jari Matti Hannula, Riku Kormilainen, Anu Lehtovuori, Ville Viikari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
79 Downloads (Pure)


This paper studies the benefits of the antenna cluster technique in exciting the orthogonal modes of a metal rim for MIMO operation in the low-band frequencies. The user effect with antenna clusters is studied with measurements of antenna prototype held by a hand phantom. On average, better than 20% total efficiency is achieved over the low-band frequencies and almost 30% average efficiency over the higher frequencies which suggests that the antenna cluster technique can be used to design user effective mobile device antennas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAntennas and Propagation Conference 2019
PublisherInstitution of Engineering and Technology
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-83953-170-5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventAntennas and Propagation Conference - Birmingham, United Kingdom
Duration: 11 Nov 201912 Nov 2019


ConferenceAntennas and Propagation Conference
Abbreviated titleAPC
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Characteristic Modes
  • Mobile Antennas
  • Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO)
  • Unbroken Metal Rim
  • User Effect


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