Unveiling the diversity of scholarly debate on living labs: A bibliometric approach

Katharina Greve, Seppo Leminen, Riccardo D.E. Vita, Mika Westerlund

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Living labs (LLs) are becoming an increasingly popular approach to engage in open innovation. Although applications and influence of LLs have grown rapidly over the last decade, the landscape of LL research remains largely unclear and underexplored. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop a consolidated understanding of this research field and to detect the potential areas of fragmentation and isolation. Through a systematic review of the scholarly literature on LLs, this study applies bibliometric methods on a dataset of 411 journal articles. The results of this study reveal the diverse and fragmented nature of the LL field, with contributions spanning across different disciplines and application domains. Despite such fragmentation, some clusters of scholars and publications are identified as well as influential contributions. Given the nascent state of the literature, the role of special issues in shaping the evolution of the LL debate is prominent. This study provides a map to practitioners to investigate and learn from the application of LLs in diverse fields. This aspect is particularly important in light of the current COVID-19 pandemic, which stresses the key role of open and collaborative approaches to innovation, making the use of LLs increasingly relevant for governments, companies, public organisations and individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Innovation Management
Issue number8
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal


  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Bibliometric methods
  • Co-citation analysis
  • Innovation
  • Innovation management
  • Literature review
  • Living lab
  • Network analysis
  • Open innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'Unveiling the diversity of scholarly debate on living labs: A bibliometric approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this