Catechol oxidases and tyrosinases are coupled binuclear copper enzymes that oxidize various o-diphenolic compounds to corresponding o-quinones. Tyrosinases have an additional monooxygenation ability to hydroxylate monophenol to o-diphenol. It is still not clear what causes the difference in the catalytic activities. We solved a complex structure of Aspergillus oryzae catechol oxidase with resorcinol bound into the active site. Catalytic activity of A. oryzae catechol oxidase was studied, for the first time, by high-resolution FT-ICR mass spectrometry to shed light on the reaction mechanism. The enzyme was also found to catalyze monooxygenation of small phenolics, which provides a novel perspective for the discussion of differences in the catalytic activity between tyrosinases and catechol oxidases. According to the results, two binding modes for resorcinol are suggested and a reaction mechanism for coupled binuclear copper enzymes is discussed.
- catechol oxidases
- coupled binuclear copper enzymes
- enzyme mechanisms
- enzyme promiscuity
- mass spectrometry