Understanding quality of analytics trade-offs in an end-to-end machine learning-based classification system for building information modeling

Minjung Ryu*, Linh Truong, Matti Kannala

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Optimizing quality trade-offs in an end-to-end big data science process is challenging, as not only do we need to deal with different types of software components, but also the domain knowledge has to be incorporated along the process. This paper focuses on methods for tackling quality trade-offs in a common data science process for classifying Building Information Modeling (BIM) elements, an important task in the architecture, engineering, and construction industry. Due to the diversity and richness of building elements, machine learning (ML) techniques have been increasingly investigated for classification tasks. However, ML-based classification faces many issues, w.r.t. vast amount of data with heterogeneous data quality, diverse underlying computing configurations, and complex integration with industrial BIM tools, in an end-to-end BIM data analysis. In this paper, we develop an end-to-end ML classification system in which quality of analytics is considered as the first-class feature across different phases, from data collection, feature processing, training to ML model serving. We present our method for studying the quality of analytics trade-offs and carry out experiments with BIM data extracted from Solibri to demonstrate the automation of several tasks in the end-to-end ML classification. Our results have demonstrated that the quality of data, data extraction techniques, and computing configurations must be carefully designed when applying ML classifications for BIM in order to balance constraints of time, cost, and prediction accuracy. Our quality of analytics methods presents generic steps and considerations for dealing with such designs, given the time, cost, and accuracy trade-offs required in specific contexts. Thus, the methods could be applied to the design of end-to-end BIM classification systems using other ML techniques and cloud services.
Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Big Data
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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