Ultra-low thermal conductivity in TiO2:C superlattices

Janne-Petteri Niemelä, A. Giri, P.E. Hopkins, Maarit Karppinen

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    Abstract

    TiO2:C superlattices are fabricated from atomic/molecular layer deposited (ALD/MLD) inorganic-organic [(TiO2)m(Ti-O-C6H4-O-)k=1]n thin films via a post-deposition annealing treatment that converts the as-deposited monomolecular organic layers into sub-nanometer-thick graphitic interface layers confined within the TiO2 matrix. The internal graphitic layers act as effective phonon-scattering boundaries that bring about a ten-fold reduction in the thermal conductivity of the films with a decreasing superlattice period down to an ultra-low value of 0.66 ± 0.04 W m-1 K-1 - a finding that makes inorganic-C superlattices fabricated by the present method promising structures for e.g. high-temperature thermal barriers and thermoelectric applications.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)11527-11532
    JournalJOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY. A
    Volume2015
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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