Typologies for co-working spaces in Finland – What and how?

Inka Kojo*, Suvi Nenonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - This paper aims to categorize the typologies of co-working spaces and describe their main characteristics. Design/methodology/approach - The aim is reached by means of analyzing 15 co-working spaces located in the capital area of Finland. The data used consist of interviews, websites, event presentations and brochures. Findings - As a result, six co-working space typologies were identified: public offices, third places, collaboration hubs, co-working hotels, incubators and shared studios. The categorization was made by using two axes: business model (for profit and non-profit) and level of user access (public, semi-private and private). Research limitations/implications - The results provide a viewpoint on how co-working spaces can be categorized. Practical implications - In practise, the results can be applied by all stakeholders who are working with alternative workplace solutions to respond to the needs of new ways of working, especially via workplace services for multi-locational and flexible working, including facilities managers, corporate real estate executives and designers. Originality/value - This research builds on the previous academic literature on co-working spaces by making the phenomena more explicit for researchers and practitioners who are facing the challenges of developing new alternative workplace offerings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-313
Number of pages12
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Facilities management
  • Flexible working
  • Knowledge workers
  • Office
  • Teleworking
  • Workplace

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