Type-III and IV interacting Weyl points

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Type-III and IV interacting Weyl points. / Nissinen, J.; Volovik, G. E.

In: JETP Letters, Vol. 105, No. 7, 2017, p. 447–452.

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@article{a178050c2a5147218b634abe42a304e3,
title = "Type-III and IV interacting Weyl points",
abstract = "3+1-dimensional Weyl fermions in interacting systems are described by effective quasi-relativistic Green’s functions parametrized by a 16 element matrix eα μin an expansion around the Weyl point. The matrix eα μcan be naturally identified as an effective tetrad field for the fermions. The correspondence between the tetrad field and an effective quasi-relativistic metric gμν governing the Weyl fermions allows for the possibility to simulate different classes of metric fields emerging in general relativity in interacting Weyl semimetals. According to this correspondence, there can be four types of Weyl fermions, depending on the signs of the components g00 and g00 of the effective metric. In addition to the conventional type-I fermions with a tilted Weyl cone and type-II fermions with an overtilted Weyl cone for g00 > 0 and respectively g00 > 0 or g00 < 0, we find additional “type-III” and “type-IV” Weyl fermions with instabilities (complex frequencies) for g00 < 0 and g00 > 0 or g00 < 0, respectively. While the type-I and type-II Weyl points allow us to simulate the black hole event horizon at an interface where g00 changes sign, the type-III Weyl point leads to effective spacetimes with closed timelike curves.",
author = "J. Nissinen and Volovik, {G. E.}",
note = "| openaire: EC/H2020/694248/EU//TOPVAC",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1134/S0021364017070013",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "447–452",
journal = "JETP LETTERS / PISMA V ZHURNAL EKSPERIMENTALNOI I TEORETICHESKOI FIZIKI",
issn = "0021-3640",
number = "7",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Type-III and IV interacting Weyl points

AU - Nissinen, J.

AU - Volovik, G. E.

N1 - | openaire: EC/H2020/694248/EU//TOPVAC

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - 3+1-dimensional Weyl fermions in interacting systems are described by effective quasi-relativistic Green’s functions parametrized by a 16 element matrix eα μin an expansion around the Weyl point. The matrix eα μcan be naturally identified as an effective tetrad field for the fermions. The correspondence between the tetrad field and an effective quasi-relativistic metric gμν governing the Weyl fermions allows for the possibility to simulate different classes of metric fields emerging in general relativity in interacting Weyl semimetals. According to this correspondence, there can be four types of Weyl fermions, depending on the signs of the components g00 and g00 of the effective metric. In addition to the conventional type-I fermions with a tilted Weyl cone and type-II fermions with an overtilted Weyl cone for g00 > 0 and respectively g00 > 0 or g00 < 0, we find additional “type-III” and “type-IV” Weyl fermions with instabilities (complex frequencies) for g00 < 0 and g00 > 0 or g00 < 0, respectively. While the type-I and type-II Weyl points allow us to simulate the black hole event horizon at an interface where g00 changes sign, the type-III Weyl point leads to effective spacetimes with closed timelike curves.

AB - 3+1-dimensional Weyl fermions in interacting systems are described by effective quasi-relativistic Green’s functions parametrized by a 16 element matrix eα μin an expansion around the Weyl point. The matrix eα μcan be naturally identified as an effective tetrad field for the fermions. The correspondence between the tetrad field and an effective quasi-relativistic metric gμν governing the Weyl fermions allows for the possibility to simulate different classes of metric fields emerging in general relativity in interacting Weyl semimetals. According to this correspondence, there can be four types of Weyl fermions, depending on the signs of the components g00 and g00 of the effective metric. In addition to the conventional type-I fermions with a tilted Weyl cone and type-II fermions with an overtilted Weyl cone for g00 > 0 and respectively g00 > 0 or g00 < 0, we find additional “type-III” and “type-IV” Weyl fermions with instabilities (complex frequencies) for g00 < 0 and g00 > 0 or g00 < 0, respectively. While the type-I and type-II Weyl points allow us to simulate the black hole event horizon at an interface where g00 changes sign, the type-III Weyl point leads to effective spacetimes with closed timelike curves.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016480274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1134/S0021364017070013

DO - 10.1134/S0021364017070013

M3 - Article

VL - 105

SP - 447

EP - 452

JO - JETP LETTERS / PISMA V ZHURNAL EKSPERIMENTALNOI I TEORETICHESKOI FIZIKI

JF - JETP LETTERS / PISMA V ZHURNAL EKSPERIMENTALNOI I TEORETICHESKOI FIZIKI

SN - 0021-3640

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 13237129