Two- and three-dimensional springing analysis of a 16,000 TEU container ship in regular waves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Ki Ho Shin
  • Jong Woo Jo
  • Spyros E. Hirdaris
  • Seung Gyu Jeong
  • Jun Bum Park
  • Frank Lin
  • Zhenhong Wang
  • Nigel White

Research units

  • STX Offshore and Shipbuilding Ltd.
  • Lloyd's Register Group Ltd.
  • Korea Maritime and Ocean University
  • Lloyd's Register MARTEC Ltd.
  • Lloyd's Register Group Ltd


In recent years, the increase in world trade has resulted in a large expansion of sea traffic. As a result, market demands are leading to the development of Ultra Large Container Ships (ULCSs), with lengths of up to 400 m and increased flexibility of operational requirements. The multicellular open-decked thin-walled structural design of these ships means that flexible hull girder dynamics become important for the prediction of wave loads. This paper investigates the importance of various hydroelastic modelling approaches on the global symmetric and anti-symmetric response of a 16,000 twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) ULCS design. Two- and three-dimensional linear and weakly non-linear flexible fluid–structure interaction models that respectively combine Vlasov beam and three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) structural dynamics with a B-spline Rankine panel and Green's function hydrodynamics are assessed and compared. Comparisons between rigid body and hydroelastic predictions demonstrate the importance of considering the effects of hull flexibility on the dynamic response and the suitability of different idealisations at preliminary or detailed design stages.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-509
Number of pages12
JournalShips and Offshore Structures
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • container ships, hydroelasticity of ships, ship design, wave loads

ID: 28159028