Tulevaisuuskatsaus eräiden maiden alueidenkäytön suunnittelujärjestelmiin

Panu Lehtovuori, Ari Ekroos, Kaisu Kuusela, Annuska Rantanen, Juho Rajaniemi, Kaisa Schmidt-Thomé

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


In this futures review legal texts and scientific literature have been used to examine the planning systems of eight European countries: England, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Scotland and Sweden. An inquiry among international experts was also conducted. The purpose of the review is to build an understanding of the development of the planning systems, changes in the near future, and identified needs for changes in certain European countries that are relevant from the Finnish perspective. The review outlines and compares the changes and raises lessons to be learned that are of interest for Finland. The aim is to support the reform of the Land Use and Building Act that is underway and the development of the Finnish planning system.
The aim was to make the descriptions concerning different countries comparable with each other, even if countries with different planning cultures and legal traditions do not fit into a single mould. The matters addressed for each country were 1) tasks, structure and levels of the administration, 2) timeline from recent
legislative changes, 3) current situation in the zoning procedure, 4) identified needs for reforms in the planning systems and legislation, 5) key change factors and 6) summary from the Finnish perspective. The description concerning France is more thorough because the French system is interesting but quite poorly known in Finland.
The summary discusses the matters where Finland is or could be a trailblazer in land use planning and the related regulation. Opportunities for this were identified especially in the recognition of urban districts as actors in the planning system, customer-oriented zoning, digitalisation, and understanding climate change preparation and mitigation as drivers in land use and urban processes. The social dimension of climate change should be seen as part of the planning policy.
Original languageFinnish
Number of pages150
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-361-031-6
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sep 2019
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameYmpäristöministeriön julkaisuja
ISSN (Electronic)2490-1024

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