Trends and insight in heavy-duty vehicle electrification

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Carlo Mol
  • Michael O'Keefe
  • Arie Brouwer
  • Jussi Suomela

Research units

  • Flemish Institute for Technological Research
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory
  • NL Agency


This paper describes the results from Annex XII "Heavy-duty hybrid vehicles" of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Implementing Agreement on "Hybrid and Electric Vehicles" (IA-HEV). Since 1993, this Implementing Agreement has provided a platform to exchange knowledge, experience and strategies among the member states on the latest developments in hybrid and electric vehicles, mostly passenger cars. Because heavy-duty vehicles have specific technical requirements and economic boundary conditions compared to the passenger car market, a dedicated Annex was started in 2007 and has run for several years until the end of 2010. Six countries (Belgium, Canada, Finland, Switzerland, the Netherlands and the United States) have been participating to collect and share relevant information on the latest technical and market developments in "electrified" trucks, buses and mobile work machines. This information will broaden the insight in the existing applications of heavy-duty vehicles electrification and can provide essential information for future heavy-duty hybrid vehicle deployment projects.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-318
Number of pages12
JournalWorld Electric Vehicle Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Buses, Heavy-duty hybrid vehicles, Mobile work machines, Trucks, Vehicle electrification

ID: 18374023