TRANSFORMING the EUROPEAN ENERGY SYSTEM: MEMBER STATES' PROSPECTS within the EU FRAMEWORK

Brigitte Knopf*, BjØrn Bakken, Samuel Carrara, Amit Kanudia, Ilkka Keppo, Tiina Koljonen, Silvana Mima, E. V.A. Schmid, Detlef P. Van Vuuren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Energy Modeling Forum 28 (EMF28) performed a large-scale model comparison exercise to illustrate different technology pathways for cutting European greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050. Focusing on selected countries (France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and UK), this paper first analyzes climate and energy policy objectives and debates in the respective countries. It then compares EMF28 model results to the short-term projections of the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) and the long-term transformation pathway given in the European Commission's "Energy Roadmap 2050". It concludes that there is sufficient agreement with the NREAPs and national policies to accept the model results as conceivable scenarios. The scenarios suggest that in the future a variety of different national energy mixes will continue to reflect the different resource bases and preferences of individual Member States. In order to ensure a cost-efficient transformation, it is important to improve coordination between Member State policies and those at the EU level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1340005
JournalClimate Change Economics
Volume4
Issue numbersupp01
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • environmental federalism
  • European climate and energy policy
  • mitigation scenarios
  • National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs)

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