Traffic State Estimation Per Lane in Highways with Connected Vehicles

Nikolaos Bekiaris-Liberis, Claudio Roncoli, Markos Papageorgiou

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A model-based traffic state estimation approach is developed for per-lane density estimation as well as on-ramp and off-ramp flows estimation for highways in presence of connected vehicles, namely, vehicles that are capable of reporting information to an infrastructure-based system. Three are the basic ingredients of the developed estimation scheme: (1) a data-driven version of the conservation-of-vehicles equation (in its time- and space-discretized form); (2) the utilization of position and speed information from connected vehicles\x92 reports, as well as total flow measurements obtained from a minimum number (sufficient for the observability of the model) of fixed detectors, such as, for example, at the main entry and exit of a given highway stretch; and (3) the employment of a standard Kalman filter. The performance of the estimation scheme is evaluated for various penetration rates of connected vehicles utilizing real microscopic traffic data collected within the Next Generation SIMulation (NGSIM) program. It is shown that the estimation performance is satisfactory, in terms of a suitable metric, even for low penetration rates of connected vehicles. The sensitivity of the estimation performance to variations of the model parameters (two in total) is also quantified, and it is shown that, overall, the estimation scheme is little sensitive to the model parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921 - 928
JournalTransportation Research Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventEuro Working Group on Transportation Meeting - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: 4 Sep 20176 Sep 2017
Conference number: 20


  • Connected vehicles
  • Traffic state estimation

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