Tracing Signs of Urbanity in the Finnish Fiction Film of the 1950s: Toward a Multimodal Analysis of Audiovisual Data

Tamás Grósz, Noora Kallioniemi, Harri Kiiskinen, Kimmo Laine, Anssi Moisio, Tommi Römpötti, Anja Virkkunen, Hannu Salmi, Mikko Kurimo, Jorma Laaksonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

This paper traces signs of urban culture in Finnish fiction films from the 1950s by drawing on a multimodal analysis of audiovisual content. The Finnish National Filmography includes 208 feature films released between 1950-1959. Our approach to the automatic analysis of media content includes aural and visual object recognition and speech recognition. We concentrate on features that epitomize urbanity, including visual objects, such as forms of transportation (cars, horses) and sounds (rural and urban sounds, speech). Based on the scores and frequencies of these recognitions, we observe quantitative changes that took place during the 1950s. The paper demonstrates that aural and visual object recognition, as well as speech recognition, can successfully be applied in film historical analysis. The overall results support the idea that Finnish filmmakers fueled the imagination of urban life in the 1950s, paving the way for modern technologies and gradually pushing aside the signs of rural life.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 6th Digital Humanities in the Nordic and Baltic Countries Conference (DHNB 2022), Long Papers
PublisherCEUR
Pages63-78
Number of pages16
Volume3232
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventDigital Parliamentary Data in Action - Uppsala, Sweden
Duration: 15 Mar 202215 Mar 2022
https://dhnb.eu/conferences/dhnb2022/workshops/dipada/

Publication series

NameCEUR Workshop Proceedings
PublisherCEUR
Number3232
ISSN (Print)1613-0073

Workshop

WorkshopDigital Parliamentary Data in Action
Abbreviated titleDiPaDa
Country/TerritorySweden
CityUppsala
Period15/03/202215/03/2022
Internet address

Keywords

  • automatic speech recognition
  • computer vision
  • film history
  • media analysis
  • modernization
  • multimodal analysis
  • object detection

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