Towards innovation in Living Labs networks

Seppo Leminen*, Mika Westerlund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


This paper focuses on Living Labs that are open user-centred environments for networked innovation development. Although the concept of open innovation has quickly attracted both the scientific and applied communities, research on Living Labs is scarce, and literature lacks understanding of the characteristics of the Living Labs model. We aim to describe what the Living Labs are from the innovation network perspective. Using a case study of a regional Living Labs initiative, we describe the key participants and their roles in the Living Labs network. In addition, we discuss their motives to participate in the network, as well as the outcomes and perceived challenges of innovation co-creation. According to our findings, Living Labs are a practical way of encouraging open innovation. They are dedicated inter-organisational environments that provide pertinent support for Concurrent Engineering's (CE) networked processes. The integration of users as co-producers in product development is imperative for success in the Living Labs model because it reveals their latent needs and enables unforeseen outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Product Development
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Challenge, motive
  • Co-creation
  • Living Labs
  • Network
  • Open innovation
  • Outcome
  • User-driven


Dive into the research topics of 'Towards innovation in Living Labs networks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this