Towards artificial Ising spin glasses: Thermal ordering in randomized arrays of Ising-type nanomagnets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Michael Saccone
  • Andreas Scholl
  • Sven Velten
  • Scott Dhuey
  • Kevin Hofhuis
  • Clemens Wuth
  • Yen-Lin Huang
  • Zuhuang Chen
  • Rajesh Chopdekar
  • PhD Alan Farhan

Research units

  • Univ Calif Santa Cruz, University of California System, University of California Santa Cruz, Phys Dept
  • LBNL, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States Department of Energy (DOE), Brookhaven National Laboratory, Adv Light Source
  • University of Hamburg
  • LBNL, United States Department of Energy (DOE), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Mol Foundry
  • Paul Scherrer Inst, Paul Scherrer Institute, Lab Multiscale Mat Expt LMX
  • University of California
  • Harbin Inst Technol, Harbin Institute of Technology, Sch Mat Sci & Engn


We explore the thermodynamics in two-dimensional arrays consisting of Ising-type nanomagnets lithographically arranged onto random sites and angular orientations. Introducing these basic spin-glass ingredients, we study the characteristic features of the low-energy states achieved, following thermal-annealing protocols. From direct visualization of real-time dynamics, we record relaxation timescales together with magnetic susceptibility variations over temperature, revealing trends towards short-range order as randomness is increased, but falling short of pure spin-glass behavior. Our work provides a route towards the realization of artificial Ising spin-glass systems.


Original languageEnglish
Article number224403
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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