Towards an efficient direct glucose anion exchange membrane fuel cell system with several electro-oxidation units

Jukka-Pekka Spets, Petri Kanninen, Tanja Kallio, Jorma Selkäinaho, Yohannes Kiros, Kari Saari, Martti Larmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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This work covers the direct glucose anion exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC) with near-neutral-state electrolyte of 0.1 M [PO4] tot having two high-performing anode electrocatalysts (Pt and PtNi) at 37 oC and at a glucose concentration of 0.1 M. The cathode catalyst in each test was a Pt supported on carbon (60 wt.%). The PtNi/C had a total metal content of 40 wt.% and the Pt/C 60 wt.%. The operation of the AEMFC was controlled by means of an in-house made electronic load with PI-controller (i.e. a feedback controller, which has proportional and integral action on control error signal). There were two primary objectives with this study. At first, to find out how the electrode modifications of the anode (i.e. by increasing the thicknesses of these electrodes by adding extra carbon) affect the Coulombic efficiency (CE, based on the exchange of two electrons) and the specific energy (SPE, Wh kg-1) values of the direct glucose AEMFC. Secondly, investigate how a two-stage fuel cell system with two fuel cells concatenated and used one after the other for the electrochemical oxidation of glucose, influence the CE and SPE values. The results show that the modified PtNi anode shows superior results for the AEMFC compared to our earlier results. As for the two-stage fuel cell system, it increased the average electric power (mWh) and SPE when compared to single fuel cell systems except when the higher selective anode catalyst (Pt) was used in the first fuel cell prior to the fuel cell in the second fuel cell containing the lower selective anode catalyst (PtNi).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3697-3708
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Anion exchange membrane fuel cell
  • Anode electrocatalysts
  • Glucose
  • Multistage fuel cell system
  • Near-neutral-state electrolyte


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