Toward next-generation fuel cell materials

M. A.K.Yousaf Shah, Peter D. Lund*, Bin Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)


The fuel cell's three layers—anode/electrolyte/cathode—convert fuel's chemical energy into electricity. Electrolyte membranes determine fuel cell types. Solid-state and ceramic electrolyte SOFC/PCFC and polymer based PEMFC fuel cells dominate fuel cell research. We present a new fuel cell concept using next-generation ceramic nanocomposites made of semiconductor-ionic material combinations. A built-in electric field driving mechanism boosts ionic (O2− or H+ or both) conductivity in these materials. In a fuel cell device, non-doped ceria or its heterostructure might attain 1 Wcm−2 power density. We reviewed promising functional nanocomposites for that range. Ceria-based and multifunctional semiconductor-ionic electrolytes will be highlighted. Owing to their simplicity and abundant resources, these materials might be used to make fuel cells cheaper and more accessible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106869
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2023
MoE publication typeA2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review


  • Electrochemical materials science
  • Energy engineering
  • Materials property


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