Three-dimensional printing for restoration of the donor face: A new digital technique tested and used in the first facial allotransplantation patient in Finland

A. A. Mäkitie*, M. Salmi, A. Lindford, J. Tuomi, P. Lassus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims Prosthetic mask restoration of the donor face is essential in current facial transplant protocols. The aim was to develop a new three-dimensional (3D) printing (additive manufacturing; AM) process for the production of a donor face mask that fulfilled the requirements for facial restoration after facial harvest. Materials and methods A digital image of a single test person's face was obtained in a standardized setting and subjected to three different image processing techniques. These data were used for the 3D modeling and printing of a donor face mask. The process was also tested in a cadaver setting and ultimately used clinically in a donor patient after facial allograft harvest. Results and Conclusions: All the three developed and tested techniques enabled the 3D printing of a custom-made face mask in a timely manner that is almost an exact replica of the donor patient's face. This technique was successfully used in a facial allotransplantation donor patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1648-1652
Number of pages5
JournalJOURNAL OF PLASTIC RECONSTRUCTIVE AND AESTHETIC SURGERY
Volume69
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • 3D scanning
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Cadaver
  • Finland's face transplant
  • Rapid prototyping

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